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Bovine Brigade

Cattle, Cows, Oxen & Bulls

Cows, cattle are a common type of bovine, large domesticated animals. There exists approximately 1.4 billion cattle in the world.Cattle are valuable to human civilization as livestock for meat and dairy foods. Hides of cattle are traditionally used to make clothing, shoes, handbags and furniture leather, although synthetic leather is gaining popularity. Cow manuer is also utilized as a source of fertilizer and fuel.

Cattle bred for labor include oxen to assist farmers by pulling carts, wagons and field plows and other farm implements.

The word cattle originally meant movable personal property as cattle were considered free-roaming economic property of the land as chattel which means a unit of personal property. Wild cattle refers to feral cattle or undomesticated species of the bovre considered to be one of the oldest forms of wealth. Cattle rustling or raiding is the oldest form of theft.

Generally the modern meaning of the term cattle relates to the domesticated variety.

Cattle have cloven hooves and most breeds have horns, which range in size from the wide-spread Texas Longhorn to the small bump of a scur, which is incompletely developed horn growth. Some genetic selection has resulted in hornless cattle (polled) becoming popular choices over the horned species.

Cattle have one stomach with four compartments

  • rumen,
  • reticulum,
  • omasum,
  • abomasum.

The rumen is the largest stomach compartment. Contrary to mythology, cattle sleep lying down and not standing up. Cow-tipping is an urban legend with no basis in fact.

Some cultures revere the cow as sacred and a protected species. Cattle, chickens and other domesticated animals provide rich heritage and cultural signifigance in folk art. In heraldry, male cattle, or bulls, are typically represented on shields and family crests.

Materials To Keep On Hand

Paper Trivia: Did you know that you can only fold a sheet of printer paper in half seven times? Give it a try. It doesn't matter how thick or thin the paper is, once you get to the seventh fold, the paper will not bend or budge.

Sun catchers. To create a translucent, stained glass ornaments effect, apply a bit of lemon oil to the back sides of paper ornaments to create a.

Hang the ornaments on trees, in windows, anywhere bright colorful decorations are desired.

Construct a large paper-tree for the wall with shades of green construction paper. Draw a large tree on a sheet of easel pad paper to tack onto a wall or other flat surface, then decorate with paper ornaments.

  • Types of Paper:
    • Construction - many colors
    • Copier - many colors
    • Tissue
    • Crepe
    • Cardboard
    • Cardstock - many colors
    • Tracing
    • Water-color
    • Drawing
    • Onionskin
    • Paper tubes - TP tissue, paper towel and gift-wrap
    • Foam craft sheets - many colors
    • Magnet sheets - Make refrigerator magnets
    • Stiff Stencil - Paint repeating patterns on items, embroidery, latch-hook rug patterns
    • Felt sheets - Make filled or layered ornaments
  • Some Mediums & Tools to keep handy for the creative process.
    • Colorful Markers - fine to thick point
    • Wax Crayons - stock up around school sales
    • Water color sets - and plastic tablecloths
    • Chalk - many colors
    • Colored pencils - many colors
    • Tempura finger paints - primary colors - mixing to discover is half the fun
    • Paint brushes - fine tip to standard school size child's brush size at least.
    • Straws - paper not plastic
    • Tooth picks - age appropriate
    • Sponges - cut into shapes or purchase for blotting paint shapes
    • Needlepoint, embroidery thread and stretcher hoops
    • Puffy paint and glitter - to draw words, images and shapes on cloth
    • Wine corks
    • Celluclay - A handy pulverized paper product that resembles clay for paper mache'
    • Modeling clay - reusable, come in colors, good for making molds
    • Pottery clay - Only if you expect to use a kiln
    • Silicon molds and release spray
    • Wooden shapes - to paint for ornaments and gifts
    • Decal sheets for window decals
    • Cloth scrap pieces left overs from sewing
    • Clay modeling tools - ll sorts, combs, forks, dental picks, anything to make interesting cuts and patterns
    • Plain tee shirts